The Agricultural Sector has remained the most important sector in Uganda. The (FY 2014/15), the Agricultural Sector growth was 4.4 % with a contribution of 24% to the GDP largely accounted for by increased cash and food crop and production. Agricultural Sector alone remains the largest source of Uganda’s export earnings (48% FY 2014/15), averaging 53% per annum while employing 73% of the Ugandan population. Value addition in agricultural production can take different forms and levels ranging from the basic to more sophisticated level e.g. packaging, processing, cooling, drying, extracting or any other type of processes that differentiates the product from the original raw commodity.
Value addition in Uganda is mainly in cotton ginning, tea processing, coffee hauling, tobacco handling and processing, beverages, wheat products and the fast growing diary, fruit processing, fruit drying, grain milling, meat processing, milk production and processing, leather tanning and fish processing. Value addition in agricultural products is the struggle and hope of economic development but it is hindered by lack of technical skills, lack of energy, standards and storage. Uganda government has put emphasis on developing transport infrastructure to move of commodities from production to consumption points in domestic and regional markets.
Uganda has put resources into Uganda National Bureau of Standards to solve quality and standards issues which impede access to profitable and standard sensitive markets like the European Union among others. Storage infrastructure is an area which being promoted by Uganda Investment Authority for stable supply of agricultural produce which is highly perishable and requires appropriate storage facilities.
The existing opportunities are
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Tourism is a key driver of Uganda’s economy and represents a significant opportunity to the attainment of Uganda Vision 2040. The sector is Uganda’s largest services export, having provided direct contribution of US$ 979 million in 2013, and 2.8% of total employment in Uganda. More growth in the sector is expected over the next five years, thus calling for the development of the Sector Development Plan as a timely intervention and a step in the right direction. This plan is built around the aspirations of the National Development Plan II 2015/16 – 2019/20, and complements the Uganda Tourism Master Plan.
The government of Uganda is focusing on the unlocking the binding constraints in five priority areas namely; marketing and promotion, human resource development, product development, natural and cultural resource conservation and tourism management and regulation.
The stakeholders to play their rightful role in ensuring effective and timely execution of their mandate, in order to attain the transformation of Uganda’s tourism sector to a level that will bring pride to all Ugandans and include but not limited to Ministry of Tourism and Antiquates, Uganda Wild life Association, Uganda Tourism Board, Uganda Hotelier Owners Association, Tour Operators and Association, Association of Uganda Transport Operators’ Association and many more respectable companies and individuals .
Identified priority projects to be handled by both government and private sectors include but not limited to: Establishing Lake Victoria Tourism circuit to enhance tourism activities and experiences around Entebbe for both domestic and regional visitors, Development of canopy walk to diversify product offering and enrich visitor experiences in Uganda and Hoima airport international airport to essentially, support development and operation of the oil refinery as well as development and production of upstream oil.
The existing opportunities are
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MINING AND NATURAL RESOURCES
The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development is responsible for geologic mapping, issuing exploration and mining licenses, and administering the Mining Act, 2003, and the Petroleum (Exploration and Production Act), 1985, and their accompanying regulations.).
Most of Uganda’s mining and mineral processing facilities are privately owned, including the cement and steel plants, the lead refinery, and the vermiculite mine. The Government holds a 25% share in the Kasese cobalt refinery. Artisanal miners produce salt at Lake Katwe.
Kasese Cobalt Company Limited produces cobalt metal from a cobalt-rich pyrite stockpile from the Kilembe copper mine tailings near Kasese using a bioleaching and a solvent extraction and electro winning process.
Copper.— Resources at Kilembe are estimated to be about 4 million metric tons (Mt) at grades of 1.98% copper and 0.17% cobalt (Mining Review Africa, 2012).
Tin.—Artisanal miners produced small amounts of cassiterite. There is a plan to start large- scale mining to produce more than 800 t/yr of tin in concentrate and 1,000 t/yr by mid-2016.
Tungsten.—Krone Uganda Ltd. mined wolframite at the Bjordal Mines in western Uganda.
Cement.—In recent years, increases in production were attributable to capacity expansions at Tororo Cement Industries Ltd. to 2.2 million metric tons per year (Mt/yr) from 1.1 Mt/yr, and at Hima Cement Industries Ltd., to 850,000 t/yr from 350,000 t/yr.
Vermiculite.—Gulf Industrials Ltd. of Australia operated the Namekara Mine near Tororo. The company had planned to increase production to the full capacity of 30,000 t/yr.
Natural Gas and Petroleum.—Reserves of crude petroleum were estimated to be 2.5 billion barrels in the Lake Albertine Basin and reserves of natural gas, 14 billion cubic meters.
The stake holders are The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development, Chambers of Oil and Mines and Private sector players.
Uganda’s ICT sector reflects the increased use of ICT as there is a sizeable growth in e-business transactions amongst Ugandans and between Ugandan companies and overseas companies. The increased use of ICTs is playing a big role in economic development. Efforts by Government towards e-governance, e-education, the rural transformation policy, financing frameworks and distance learning (global and local) provide some of the good performance indicators in the sector.
The Ministry of Information and Communications Technology provides strategic and technical leadership, overall coordination, support and advocacy on all matters of policy, laws, regulations and strategy; sustainable, effective and efficient development; the harnessing and utilisation of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in all spheres of life to enable the country to achieve its national development goals.
The stakeholders include but not limited to: Ministry of Information and Communications Technology, Uganda Communications Commission (UCC), National Information Technology Authority-Uganda (NITA-U), Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) industry for Uganda to compete globally for outsourcing opportunities, 5 major mobile phone operators, Over 10 Internet Service Providers,Over 5 VSAT International Gateways, 268 radio stations,55 licensed (35 operational) television stations and 1 major National Postal Service Provider and 26 minor license holders comprising mainly of courier operators (domestic, regional and international operators).
ICT Projects include but not limited to: Intership Uganda Limited: a Uganda’s first package forwarding and online logistics service, unlocking US, UK, China & UAE markets for consumer goods to SMEs and online shoppers, providing package consolidation and warehousing services and a range of on-demand shipping alternatives for our customers. Pocket Money is a Mobile Platform Access (MPA) – USSD based application that eliminates ‘boarders’ between Telecom companies to enable clients to conveniently buy airtime, send and receive mobile money across all networks in Uganda. YakaKo is an emergency Power Credit service for the clients to enjoy uninterrupted power usage and TACEAS has developed an on-demand sales force and distribution structure to empower new companies offering products and services in renewable energy, affordable agricultural finance and markets to individuals at the bottom of the pyramid, grow fast, save time and money.
The existing opportunities are
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Uganda is a land linked country served by a network of 27,000 kilometers (16,800 miles) of roads, although only 1,800 kilometers (1,100 miles) are paved and 4,800 kilometers (2,900 miles) of the remainder are suitable for all-weather purposes. This road network supplied Uganda’s total 25,900 passenger cars and 42,300 commercial.
The state-owned Uganda Railways Corporation’s (URC) 1,241 kilometers (770 miles) of railroad has benefitted from a rejuvenation project since 1995. This government has embarked on the standard railway gauge from Tororo to Kasese.
The Entebbe International Airport is Uganda’s major airport, which is situated 35 kilometers (22 miles) from Kampala. Although there are another 28 airports throughout the country, the vast majority are unpaved.
The vast and varied waterways in Uganda are also highly beneficial for the production of hydroelectricity. The government intends to grant concessions to the private sector for the operation of generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity.
The telecommunication operators are in the country, Uganda Telecom Limited (UTL) and Mobile Telephone Network Uganda (MTN) and Airtel. Many more Internet service providers have been licensed to provide both Internet e-mail and Internet services.
Different Ministries, Urban and Local Authorities as well as government have investment opportunities as below:
Kampala Cable Car Project: Kampala Capital City Authority is proposing the introduction of an Urban Cable Car (Ropeway Vehicle) system.
The Kampala-Jinja Expressway: The Uganda National Roads Authority [UNRA] is seeking to partner with the private sector to Design, Build, Finance, Operate for and Transfer (after 30 years) a limited access 95km tolled expressway comprising:
Hoima International Airport Development Project: Uganda’s oil industry moves into the development and production phases, a Greenfield international airport is planned to be developed at Kabaale in Hoima District.
Rehabilitation & Upgrade of the Railway Wagon Ferry MV Pamba: The MV Pamba plies Lake Victoria routes between the Port Bell pier in Kampala, the Jinja pier and the Mwanza, Tanzania pier.
Kampala Bus Rapid Transit (BRT): Bus rapid Transit (BRT) is a high quality mass public transport system based on buses using existing roads.
The Urban Housing Project Limited: The Urban housing project (UHP) is a housing development concept for low income earners on commercial basis. UHP envisages developing housing units in an apartment form to be sold to low income earners on cost sharing basis using the condominium law.
The existing opportunities are
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Uganda’s healthcare system is divided into national and district-based levels. At the national level are the national referral hospitals, regional referral hospitals, and semi-autonomous institutions including the Uganda Blood Transfusion Services, the National Medical Stores, the Uganda Public Health Laboratories and the Uganda National Health Research Organization (UNHRO).
The district-based health system consists of Village Health Teams (VHTs) who are voluntary community health workers who deliver predominantly health education, preventive services, and simple curative services in communities and constitute level 1 health services. Health Center 2 (HCII) offer outpatients services and is run by a qualified nurse and are intended to serve 5,000 people. Health Center 3 (HCIII) which serve 10,000 people and provide in addition to HC II services also provide in patient, simple diagnostic, and maternal health services and are managed by a clinical officer. Above HC III is the Health Center IV, run by a medical doctor and providing surgical services in addition to all the services provided at HC III. HC IV is also intended to provide blood transfusion services and comprehensive emergency obstetric care.
The current funding of US$ 27 per capita per annum expenditure on health care is far below the US$ 44 per capita recommended. Most donor aid is not harmonized and aligned to the sector plan and managed off-budget. Private out-of-pocket expenditure, total public and private health expenditure per capita on health is still high.
A comprehensive review of Uganda’s Healthcare System shows strengths and weaknesses in the health sector. In summary the assessment shows that whereas significant efforts are being implemented to qualitatively and quantitatively improve healthcare in Uganda, more needs to be done to focus on the poor, improve engagement of the private-for-profit sector, enhance efficiency, strengthen stakeholder coordination, improve service quality, and stimulate consumer-based advocacy for better health.
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